In this project, I am investigating the socio-technical aspects of using the current telecommunication systems in surgical telementoring.
I designed a mixed-method data collection and analyses containing both qualitative and quantitative approaches to investigate the use of multimedia telecommunication systems and interactions in a distributed team process.
Based on the findings, I proposed technical and social implications to better support the surgical telementoring process (refer to my CSCW paper for learning about the implications in detail).
I have mentored a team of 4 undergraduate research assistants in this project.
I handled all the data collection and the majority of data analysis.
I was the lead author for the CSCW2019 paper.
Types of data I collected and analyzed
video, audio, eye-tracking, electrodermal activity, and questionnaires.
Methods I used
Mixed method (i.e. quantitative and qualitative), A/B testing, observation, ethnographic conversation analysis, statistical tests, open coding, axial coding, and grounded theory.
Computer Supported Cooperative Work; Socio-Technical Systems; Health Informatics; Multimedia Interaction.
Azin Semsar, Hannah McGowan, Yuanyuan Feng, Hamid Zahiri, Adrian Park, Andria Kleinsmith, and Helena Mentis. 2019. How Trainees Use the Information from Telepointers in Remote Instruction. In Proceedings of the 2019 ACM Conference on Computer Supported Cooperative Work and Social Computing, (CSCW).
Hannah McGowan, Azin Semsar, Yuanyuan Feng, Hamid Zahiri, Ivan George, Timothy Turner, Adrian Park, Andria Kleinsmith, and Helena Mentis. Virtual Pointer for Clarity of Instruction in Telementoring. Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons. 2019.
Hannah McGowan, Yuanyuan Feng, Azin Semsar, Hamid Zahiri, Ivan George, Timothy Turner, Adrian Park, Andria Kleinsmith, and Helena Mentis. Virtual Pointer as a Telementoring Guidance Aid for Laparoscopic Surgical Training. Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons. 2019.
Background: Today, surgical telementoring is a rising means to overcome the logistic obstacles to provide guidance for practicing surgeons from an expert in a different geographical location. Current telecommunication systems intend to facilitate this process with the use of video, audio, and video annotation. However, there are still major technical and social challenges for accepting such systems, specifically in a complex critical context such as operating rooms.